Saturday, September 20, 2008

Joseph Campbell - Adventure of the Hero

Messenger Gods
Greek. God of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, or orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of inventions, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars.

Hermes' epithet Argeiphontes...or Argus-slayer, recalls his slaying of the hundred eyed giant Argus Panoptes, who was watching over the heifer-nymph Io in the sanctuary of Queen Hera herself in Argos. Putting Argus to sleep, Hermes used a spell to permanently close all of Argus' eyes and then slew the giant. Argus' eyes were then put into the tail of the peacockm symbol of the goddess Hera.

Io was a priestess of Hera in Argos who was seduced by Zeus, who changed her into a heifer to escape detection. Her mistress Hera set ever-watchful Argus Panoptes to guard her, but Hermes was sent to distract the guardian and slay him. Heifer Io was loosed to roam the world, stung by a maddening gadfly sent by Hera, and wandered to Egypt, thus placing her descendant Belus in Egypt; his sons Cadmus and Danaus would thus "return" to mainland Greece. Hera tethered Io to the olive-tree in the temenos of her cult-site, the Heraion, and placed her in the charge of many-eyed Argus Panoptes to keep her separated from Zeus. Zeus commended Hermes to kill Argus.

Roman. Messenger and a god of trade, profit and commerce...his name is related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc.). In occult circles Mercury is given primary rulership over things megical. this may in part be due to Mercury's association with Odhinn by way of the days of the week. The name Wednesday comes from the Middle English Wednes dei...meaning the day of the Germanic god Woden (Wodan) who was a god of the Anglo-Saxons in England until about the 7th century.

Often depicted with the head of an Ibis...he was considered the heart and tongue of Ra as well as the means by which Ra's will was translated into speech. He has also been likened to the Logos of Plato and the mind of God. One of the two deities (the other being Ma'at) who stood on either side of Ra's boat...and has further been involved in arbitration, magic, writing, science, and the judging of the dead.

Thoth served as a mediating power, especially between good and evil, making sure neither had a decisive victory over the other. He also served as scribe of the gods, credited with the invention of writing and alphabets (ie. hierogiyphs) themselves. The ancient Egyptians regarded Thoth as One, self-begotten, and self-produced. He was the master of both physical and moral (ie. Divine) law. He is credited with making the calculations for the establishment of the heavens, stars, Earth, and everything in them...and is said to direct the motions of the heavenly bodies. Without his words, the Egyptians believed, the gods would not exist.

Holy Ghost

Hermes Trismegustus
"Hermes Thrice Greatest"
Psychology and Alchemy
C.G. Jung

Mercurial figure

Navaho Legends
Where the two came to their father

Gretchen, Helen of Troy, Virgin
Evolution of male perception of female power

Koran 37:158
Iblis "the Despairer"

Kamar al-Zaman
Reluctant hero
Supernatural forces intervene

Unconscious desire coming forth from his dreams, forcing upon him that
which he rejects, for his own benefit. Pride of a protector brings the
two together.

Threshold Guardian
"We are not defenders of the ID"
Safety of society
The fear of unknown keeps tribe together
Forces some out into initiation
The outcast seeing civilization from a distance

Chiruwi "a mysterious thing"
Half-man, victorious battle gives medicine

Incestuous libido
Patricidal destrudo

"Dreamer" "one who speaks from dreams"

No comments: